World Tumor Day is celebrated on June 8 every year. The purpose of the day is to raise awareness and compassion for people globally who are suffering from brain tumors.
The "Deutsche Hirntumorhilfe e.V." (German Brain Tumor Association) founded the international memorial day in the year 2000 as a homage to all brain tumor patients and their families. In addition, the day promotes assistance and guidance for caregivers and loved ones of patients.
Many myths and misconceptions run around, especially about the spread of brain tumors. This day can liberate people with its real meaning, and how to cope with the condition.
Hospital campaigns, awareness efforts, and other campaigns are being observed all over the world to combat the problem and build a better living.
This year’s theme is Together We Are Stronger.
What is a Brain Tumor
Brain tumors can originate from the neural system or other body parts like the lungs, breast, kidney, or prostate cancer. It is an abnormal development of brain tissue or the central spine that can interfere with normal brain function.
There are more than 120 forms of brain and central nervous system cancers. Everyone can experience different and unique conditions. Treatment is based on the area, type, and severity of the tumor.
The brain is a body organ composed of nerve cells and supportive tissues such as the glial and meninges. It has three major parts that control your activity-
1. Breathing (brain stem)
2. Activities such as moving muscles to walk (cerebellum)
3. Your senses such as sight, as well as your memory, emotions, thinking, and personality (cerebrum).
Classes Of Brain Tumors
Brain tumors are classed as follows:
1. Benign - A benign is the least aggressive type of brain tumor. They grow from cells within or surrounding the brain. These do not include cancer cells, grow slowly, and normally have distinct borders that do not migrate into adjacent tissue.
2. Malignant - Malignant brain tumors contain cancer cells and lack borders. They are considered life-threatening because quick development can infect adjacent brain tissue.
3. Primary - Primary brain cancers are those that begin in brain cells. They can spread to other parts of the brain or spine, but rarely to other organs.
4. Metastatic - Metastatic or secondary brain tumors begin in other parts of the body and spread to the brain. These tumors are more prevalent than primary brain tumors.
Types of Brain Tumor
Doctors classify brain tumors as grade I, grade II, grade III, or grade IV (the most serious). The grade is decided by how the cells appear under a microscope. The higher the grade number, the more aberrant the cells seem and the more aggressively the tumor behaves.
The most common form of primary brain tumors in adults are astrocytoma, meningioma (a tumor that emerges from the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord), and oligodendroglioma.
The most common kind of primary brain tumors in children include medulloblastoma, grade I or II astrocytoma, (or glioma) ependymoma, and brain stem glioma.
The symptoms can vary depending on the tumor's location and size. Some tumors cause direct injury by penetrating brain tissue, while others cause pressure on the surrounding brain.
When a growing tumor puts pressure on your brain tissue, you'll experience the following symptoms-
1. Severe headaches that become more frequent.
2. Unexplained nausea or vomiting.
3. Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg.
4. Difficulty with balance.
5. Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision, or loss of vision.
6. Speech difficulties.
7. Seizures, with no previous history of seizures.
Although there are no known causes of brain tumors, many factors may contribute to developing one. Here are some of the risk factors:
1. Genetics - Only around 5 to 10% of all malignancies are genetically inherited, or hereditary.
2. Age - The risk of brain tumors increases with age.
3. Chemical exposure - Being exposed to dangerous chemicals at work or elsewhere can raise your risk of developing a brain tumor.
4. Radiation exposure - People who have been exposed to ionizing radiation have an increased chance of developing brain tumors. This can happen after high-radiation cancer treatments.
A brain tumor diagnosis often necessitates prompt surgery or alternate treatment. Doctors collaborate to provide a complete treatment plan for the patient. The treatment team may include neurosurgeons, neurologists, medical and pediatric oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and other medical professionals.
Surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy are common treatments for brain tumors. Brain tumors are also treated using advanced techniques such as targeted therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, and robotic surgery. In addition, palliative care and neuro-rehabilitation treatments aid in the patient's recovery.
Rehabilitation considerations for brain cancers encompass Dietz's classification. It is a 4 stages care plan for patients to regain mobility and independence.
The 4 phases of care include Preventive, Restorative, Supportive, and Palliative care.
1. Preventive Care is the early intervention and education of patients and family members to prevent or slow down tumor development and its effects.
2. Restorative Care is called rehabilitation. Patients are expected to return to their normal functioning and independence. With assistance like wheelchairs, walkers, canes, crutches, lifters, and medical scooters, patients can regain independence. You can get medical restoration products in Dubai, Qatar, and Oman from Sehaaonline.
3. Supportive Care includes active daily living for dressing, grooming, bathing, eating, and toileting. Get active daily living products in Dubai from us.
4. Palliative Rehabilitation Care is for the last-stage cancer patients. Caretakers are required to give the best comfort and preserve independence for as long as possible. Bathroom aids and patient transfers can help caregivers to ease the patient's comfort.
Cancer is a dreadful disease. With early detection and preventive measures, you can cope with the severity of the same.
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Spread awareness, burst myths.